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This section provides definitions for terms used in this chapter. If defined separately in the Snohomish Municipal Code, the definition provided in this section shall be used in the context of this chapter. If a term used in this chapter is not defined in this section, the Review Authority shall determine the correct definition. Terms shown in bold font are defined within this section.

Anchor use: a single commercial use occupying a minimum ground-floor area of 30,000 square feet that generates significant pedestrian traffic and increases the traffic of shoppers at or near its location.

Attic: the interior part of a building above the structure’s plate line.

Belt course: a contrasting horizontal layer of stones, bricks, tile, etc. in a wall.

Bulb-out: (also curb extension) a traffic-calming and pedestrian-safety device that narrows the street by widening the curb and sidewalk, typically at intersections.

Bungalow court: a configuration of four or more detached single-family residences arranged around and facing a common, shared pedestrian courtyard open to the street, with pedestrian access to the building entrances from the courtyard and street. Parking is aggregated on one portion of the site rather than occurring at each unit, with no vehicular access within the courtyard. In the context of this chapter, the term is applicable only to relocated single-family structures.

Building height: the vertical extent of a building, measured in stories.

By right: a term characterizing a proposal or component of a proposal that, when in compliance with all requirements of this chapter and other applicable portions of the Snohomish Municipal Code, requires no special considerations or conditions for consistency with the intent of this chapter and applicable policies. (see provisional)

Civic: the term characterizing not-for-profit organizations and uses dedicated to arts, culture, education, recreation, government, transit, and municipal parking.

Façade: the exterior wall of a building.

Forecourt private frontage: a private frontage type wherein a portion of the façade is close to the frontage line and the central portion is set back. (see SMC 14.212.1010)

Front setback: the area between the frontage line and the maximum setback line.

Frontage: the area between a building façade and the centerline of the adjacent street, inclusive of its built and planted components. Frontage is divided into the private frontage and the public frontage. (see Figure X-1)

Figure X-1. Frontages

Frontage coverage: the minimum percentage of the length of the principal frontage occupied by the primary façade(s) within the front setback. (see Figure X-2)

Figure X-2. Frontage Coverage Calculation

Frontage line: a property line that coincides with the edge or margin of the street (not alley) public right-of-way.

Frontage, private: (see private frontage)

Frontage, public: (see public frontage)

Ground floor: the story of a building on which the primary entrance is located.

Height Overlay: a portion of the Neighborhood Center zone for which additional building height is permitted through Transfer of Development Rights, as shown on the Regulating Plan.

Impervious surface coverage: the percentage of total area of a parcel, including setback areas, that is covered by an impervious surface. For the purposes of this chapter, impervious surfaces are hard surfaces that do not allow for water infiltration or have a runoff coefficient of 0.90 or more. Examples of impervious surfaces include roofs, standard asphalt or concrete pavement, and gravel driving surfaces.

Lightwell: a private frontage type that includes a below-grade entrance or recess designed to allow light into basements. (see SMC 14.212.1010)

Liner building: a building specifically designed to mask a parking structure from a frontage.

Open porch: a roofed space, open along two or more sides, and adjunct to a residential building, commonly serving to shelter an entrance and provide a private outdoor space.

Open parking: a parking area not fully enclosed within a building and visible from adjacent streets or properties.

Outbuilding: an accessory structure on the same lot as, and usually located toward the rear of, a principal building.

Parking structure: a structure or portion of a structure, enclosed on all frontages except for limited access/egress points and light/ventilation windows, designed for vehicle parking. Parking structures may be at, below, or above the adjacent sidewalk grade.

Pedestrian street: (see woonerf)

Podium parking structure: a portion of a building intended for vehicle storage built below the main building mass and partially submerged below the elevation of the adjacent sidewalk.

Primary entrance: the main/principal point of pedestrian access into a building, located parallel to and visible from the adjacent street or its tangent.

Primary façade: the exterior wall of a building that faces the principal frontage.

Principal building: the primary habitable structure on a lot. (see outbuilding)

Principal frontage: on corner or through lots, the private frontage designated to bear the address and principal entrance to the building. See secondary frontage.

Private frontage::

1. the privately held area between the frontage line and the maximum setback line, if applicable, or the façade of the principal building; and

2. portions of all primary facades up to the top of the first or second floor, including building entrances, located along and oriented to a street.

Physical elements of the private frontage include, but are not limited to, a building’s primary entrance treatments and setback areas. (see SMC 14.212.1010)

Provisional use: a term that characterizes a land use requiring special consideration due either to its potential impacts on the neighborhood and land uses in the vicinity and/or to typical or uncertain aspects of its physical organization, design, or function. A provisional use may be approved if the proposed use, with or without special conditions, is determined to be consistent with the intent of this chapter.

Public frontage: the area of the street right-of-way extending from the edge of the vehicle lanes of the adjacent roadway(s) to the frontage line. Physical elements of the public frontage include, but are not limited to, the curb, sidewalk, planter strip, street trees, and streetlights.

Regulating Plan: the zoning map for the Pilchuck District land use designation, adopted as part of this chapter.

Review Authority: the individual or official City body identified in this development code as having responsibility and authority to review and approve or disapprove the permit applications described in Article I of this chapter. The Review Authority will typically be the City Planner but may be the Hearing Examiner.

Side street: for corner lots, the street adjacent to the secondary frontage.

Secondary frontage: on corner lots, the private frontage that is not the principal frontage.

Special pavements: a general term for alternatives to standard concrete or asphalt pavement. The term may include, but is not limited to, bricks, cobbles, precast pavers, aggregates, and patterned concrete. The term typically does not include asphalt, whether stamped or colored.

String course: a narrow horizontal band of masonry or similar building material extending across the façade that creates a visual distinction between the façade areas above and below. A string course may be flush or projecting, and may be flat surfaced, molded, textured, or carved.

Story: a habitable level within a building, excluding an attic or raised basement, subject to ceiling height limitations in Article V of this chapter.

Structured parking: (see parking structure)

Townhouse: (also rowhouse) any residential dwelling sharing a vertical wall with a dwelling on the same or a separate lot. No portion of any townhouse is above or below another townhouse.

Transfer of development rights (TDR): the mechanism by which the entitlement to develop property may be sold from a designated sending site and purchased for use at an eligible receiving site where it can be exchanged for the license to place an increment of development on the receiving site in excess of the level of development allowed by-right.

Upper floor/story: any story above the ground floor.

Woonerf: a segment of right-of-way with limited demarcation of travel lanes where vehicles share the road equally with bicyclists and pedestrians.

Zone: in the context of this chapter, the term refers to one of the regulatory districts within the Pilchuck District land use designation, as shown on the Regulating Plan. (Ord. 2209, 2011; Ord. 2347, 2018)