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The following abbreviations, phrases, terms and words shall have the meanings assigned in the section or, as appropriate, in Chapter 14.100 SMC, as amended, unless the context indicates otherwise. Words that are not defined in this section or elsewhere in this title shall have the meanings set forth in Chapter 5 of Title 47 of the United States Code, Part 1 of Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations, and, if not defined therein, their common and ordinary meaning.

A. “Antenna” means a specific device, the surface of which is used to transmit and/or receive radio-frequency signals, microwave signals, or other signals transmitted to or from other antennas for commercial purposes.

B. “Base station” means a structure or equipment at a fixed location that enables FCC-licensed or authorized wireless communications between user equipment and a communications network. The term does not include a tower, as defined herein, or any equipment associated with a tower. Base station includes, without limitation:

1. Equipment associated with wireless communications services such as private, broadcast, and public safety services, as well as unlicensed wireless services and fixed wireless services such as microwave backhaul.

2. Radio transceivers, antennas, coaxial or fiber-optic cable, regular and backup power supplies, and comparable equipment regardless of technological configuration (including Distributed Antenna Systems (“DAS”) and small-cell networks).

3. Any structure other than a tower that, at the time the relevant application is filed with the City under this section, supports or houses equipment described in paragraphs 1-2 above that has been reviewed and approved by the City.

C. “Collocation” means the mounting or installation of transmission equipment on an eligible support structure for the purpose of transmitting and/or receiving radio frequency signals for communication purposes.

D. “Distributed Antenna System” or “DAS” means a network consisting of transceiver equipment at a central hub site to support multiple antenna locations throughout the designed coverage area.

E. “Eligible facilities request” means any request for modification of an existing tower or base station that, within the meaning of the Spectrum Act, does not substantially change the physical dimensions of that tower or base station and involves (a) the collocation of new transmission equipment, (b) the removal of transmission equipment, or (c) the replacement of transmission equipment.

F. “Eligible support structure” means any tower or base station that exists at the time the application is filed with the City.

G. “FCC” means the Federal Communications Commission or successor agency.

H. “Monopole” means a style of free-standing antenna support structure consisting of a single shaft usually composed of two or more hollow sections that are attached to a foundation on the ground. This type of antenna support structure is designed to support itself without the use of guy wires or other stabilization devices.

I. “Project” means a WCF for which a permit is required by the City.

J. “RF” means radio frequency on the radio spectrum.

K. “Spectrum Act” means Section 6409(a) of the Middle Class Tax Relief Act and Job Creation Act, 42 U.S.C. §1344(a) (providing, in part, “…a State or local government may not deny, and shall approve, any eligible facilities request for a modification of any existing wireless tower or base station that does not substantially change the physical dimensions of such tower or base station.”).

L. “Substantially change” means, in the context of an eligible support structure, a modification of an existing tower or base station where any of the following criteria is met:

1. For a tower located outside of public rights-of-way:

a. The height of the tower is increased by more than twenty feet or by more than ten percent, whichever is greater; or

b. There is added an appurtenance to the body of the tower that would protrude from the edge of the tower by more than twenty feet or more than the width of the tower structure at the level of the appurtenance, whichever is greater.

2. For a tower located in the public right-of-way and for all base stations:

a. The height of the tower is increased by more than ten percent or ten feet, whichever is greater; or

b. There is added an appurtenance to the body of that structure that would protrude from edge of the tower by more than six feet.

3. For all base stations:

a. The height of the base station is increased by more than ten percent or ten feet, whichever is greater; or

b. It involves the installation of more than the standard number of new equipment cabinets for the technology involved, but not more than for four cabinets.

4. For either a tower or a base station:

a. There is entailed in the proposed modification any excavation or deployment outside the current site of the tower or base station; or

b. The proposed modification would cause the concealment or camouflage elements of the tower or base station to be defeated; or

c. It does not comply with conditions associated with the prior approval of the tower or base station unless the non-compliance is due to an increase in height, increase in width, addition of cabinets, or new excavation that does not exceed the corresponding “substantial change” thresholds.

5. To measure changes in height for the purposes of this section, the baseline is:

a. For deployments that are or will be separated horizontally, measured from the original support structure.

b. For all others, measured from the dimensions of the tower or base station, inclusive of the originally approved appurtenances and any modifications that were approved by the City or Snohomish County, in the case of annexed facilities, prior to February 22, 2012.

c. To measure changes for the purposes of this section, the baseline is the dimensions that were approved by the City or Snohomish County, in the case of annexed facilities, prior to February 22, 2012.

M. “Tower” means any structure built for the sole or primary purpose of supporting any FCC-licensed or FCC-authorized antenna, including any structure that is constructed for wireless communication service. This term does not include base station.

N. “Temporary WCF” means a nonpermanent WCF installed on a short- term basis, for the purpose of evaluating the technical feasibility of a particular site for placement of a WCF, for providing news coverage of a limited event, or for providing emergency communications during a natural disaster or other emergencies that may threaten the public health, safety and welfare.

O. “Transmission equipment” means equipment that facilitates transmission of any FCC-licensed or FCC-authorized wireless communication service.

P. “Wireless communications facility” or “WCF” means any antenna, associated equipment, base station, small cell system, tower, and/or transmission equipment.

Q. “Wireless communications service” means, without limitation, all FCC- licensed backhaul and other fixed wireless services, broadcast, private, and public safety communication services, and unlicensed wireless services.

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