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Campground: a facility for temporary occupancy of tents and recreational vehicles.

Capacity improvements: any construction activity that increases the ability of a street system to convey motorized and nonmotorized vehicles and/or people.

Caretaker residence: a permanent dwelling unit associated with an approved land use, which provides living facilities for a person charged with managing the property and/or improvements.

Cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum: land or structures used for burial of the dead. For purposes of this code, pet cemeteries are considered a subclassification of this use.

Cemetery Creek Special Project: the Cemetery Creek Sewer Trunkline, Segments 1 – 4.

Channel migration zone: the area along a river within which the channel(s) can be reasonably predicted to migrate over time as a result of natural and normally occurring hydrological and related processes when considered with the characteristics of the river and its surroundings.

Childcare: a nonresidential facility licensed for the daytime care of more than six (6) children, including preschool and early learning services.

Childcare, family: a facility licensed for the daytime care of children that is provided in a residential dwelling unit by the full-time occupant of the home. Family daycare facilities may provide care for up to twelve (12) children, including children living in the home.

Church, synagogue, temple, or mosque: a place where gathering for worship is the principal purpose of the use and includes all places of worship associated with a religious institution. Accessory uses associated with this use are limited to private schools, preschools and daycares, reading rooms, assembly rooms, and residences for clergy and unordained monks, friars, nuns, and religious brothers and sisters.

City: the City of Snohomish.

City Attorney: the Snohomish City Attorney.

City Council: the Snohomish City Council.

City Engineer: the Snohomish City Engineer.

City Planner: the same as the Snohomish Planning Director.

Civic: the term characterizing not-for-profit organizations and uses dedicated to arts, culture, education, recreation, government, transit, and municipal parking.

Civil drawings: construction drawings, calculations, and specifications prepared by a licensed engineer detailing the engineering aspects of a development proposal.

Clearing: the removal of timber, brush, ground cover, or other vegetation from a site and does not include grading.

Clinic: a building for licensed outpatient health services.

Club: a not-for-profit association of persons for a common purpose.

Collocation: the mounting or installation of transmission equipment on an eligible support structure for the purpose of transmitting and/or receiving radio frequency signals for communication purposes.

Commercial: a use that involves wholesale or retail trade, or the provision of services.

Commercial/industry accessory use: a use that is subordinate and incidental to a commercial or industry use; including employee exercise facilities, employee food service facilities, and employee daycare facilities; incidental storage of raw materials and finished products sold or manufactured on-site, and business owner or caretaker residence.

Community-based theater: a use where musical and dramatic performances are staged for public audiences. The term includes only those facilities owned and operated by a nonprofit organization. Accessory uses may include arts education, assembly uses, ticket sales, and concessions.

Community residential facility: living quarters meeting applicable federal and state standards that function as a single housekeeping unit for eight (8) or more individuals excluding staff, providing such supportive services as counseling, rehabilitation, and medical supervision, excluding drug and alcohol detoxification and prisoner release participants.

Community residential facility – prisoner release: a community residential facility for prisoner release participants and programs such as halfway houses.

Community stable: a facility in which horses or other livestock are kept for boarding, training, breeding, rental, or riding lessons.

Comprehensive Plan: a generalized, coordinated land use policy statement of the City of Snohomish adopted pursuant to, and in compliance with, Chapter 36.70A RCW, also known as the Washington State Growth Management Act.

Conditional use: a use allowed only after review and with approval of conditions as necessary to make the use compatible with other permitted uses in the same vicinity and designation.

Condominium: real property, portions of which are designated for separate ownership and the remainder of which is designated for common ownership solely by the owners of those portions. Real property is not a condominium unless the undivided interests in the common elements are vested in the unit owners, and unless a declaration and a survey map and plans have been recorded pursuant to Chapter 64.34 RCW.

Conference center: a meeting facility, which may include accessory facilities for recreation, lodging, and related activities.

Congregate care/assisted living facilities: housing, licensed by the State of Washington, for seven (7) or more elderly and/or disabled persons, providing basic services and assuming general responsibility for the safety and well-being of residents under Chapters 18.20 RCW and 388-78A WAC. Kitchens and dining space may be provided in individual dwelling units. Practical nursing and Alzheimer’s care, recreational programs, and facilities may be provided. “Disabled” shall not include current illegal use of or addiction to a controlled substance, nor shall it include any person whose residency in the facility would constitute a direct threat to the health and safety of other individuals. The term shall not include alcoholism or drug treatment centers or housing facilities serving as an alternative to incarceration. For the purposes of this definition, “elderly” refers to persons fifty-five (55) years and older.

Construction site sign: a temporary sign placed on sites where an active building permit has been issued intended to display the names of the companies involved with the construction project.

Conversion: a change in use of a structure.

Cottage housing development: two (2) or more small, detached dwellings constructed on a single lot. Refer to SMC 14.210.215.

County Auditor: the Snohomish County official as defined in Chapter 36.22 RCW.

County Treasurer: the Snohomish County official as defined in Chapter 36.29 RCW.

Covenant: a legal restriction on the actions of any land owner who is party to a contractual provision that is binding on real property.

Critical area report: a study and/or evaluation prepared by a qualified professional for development proposals located within protected environmentally sensitive areas and/or their buffers. Refer to SMC 14.255.060.

Critical areas: environmentally sensitive areas of land as defined under Chapter 36.70A RCW including the following areas and ecosystems:

1. Wetlands;

2. Areas with a critical recharging effect on aquifers used for potable waters;

3. Fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas;

4. Frequently flooded areas; and

5. Geologically hazardous areas.

Critical facility, flood hazard area: a facility for which even a slight chance of flooding might be too great. Critical facilities include (but are not limited to) schools, nursing homes, hospitals, police, fire and emergency response installations, and installations which produce, use, or store hazardous materials or hazardous waste.

Critical wildlife habitat: areas which are associated with threatened, endangered, sensitive, or priority species of plants or wildlife and which, if altered, could reduce the likelihood that the species will maintain and reproduce over the long term. Such areas are documented in lists, categories, and definitions of species promulgated by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (Non-Game Data System Special Animal Species) as identified in WAC 232-12-011 or 232-12-014, and in the Priority Habitat Species lists compiled per WAC 365-190-080; or by rules and regulations adopted currently or hereafter by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Critical wildlife habitat also includes:

1. Regionally rare native fish and wildlife habitat (i.e., one (1) of five (5) or fewer examples of the habitat type within Snohomish County);

2. Fish and wildlife habitats with irreplaceable ecological functions; and

3. Documented habitat of regional or national significance for migrating birds.

Cul-de-sac: a road closed at one (1) end, where the closed end is a circular or near-circular shape providing a permanent turnaround. (Ord. 2401, 2020)